Dating decca records

Dating decca records

Documentation of more than 48, masters is already listed. The source and format of our Decca presentation differs from that of the other labels included in the DAHR. The ADP arranged for the Decca volumes to be keyed into a database. Users familiar with print discographies will recognize conventions common to print works within our entries.

Decca - 78 RPM - Label Discography

Decca Records is a British record label established in by Edward Lewis. Its U. Decca labels was broken for several decades. Both wings are now part of the Universal Music Group , which is owned by Vivendi , a media conglomerate headquartered in Paris, France. Universal Music Group. The name "Decca" was coined by Wilfred S. Samuel by merging the word " Mecca " with the initial D of their logo "Dulcet" or their trademark "Dulcephone".

The name dates back to a portable gramophone called the "Decca Dulcephone" patented in by musical instrument makers Barnett Samuel and Sons. That company was eventually renamed the Decca Gramophone Co. Within years, Decca Records Ltd. Decca bought the UK branch of Brunswick Records and continued to run it under that name. In classical music, Decca had a long way to go from its modest beginnings to catch up with the established HMV and Columbia labels later merged as EMI.

The pre-war classical repertoire on Decca was not extensive, but was select. The 3-disc recording of Delius 's Sea Drift , arising from the Delius Festival that year, suffered by being crammed onto six sides, being indifferently recorded and expensive; following issue in July they were already withdrawn by October the same year. Heinrich Schlusnus made important pre-war lieder recordings for Decca.

Decca's emergence as a major classical label may be attributed to three concurrent events: Decca released the stereo recordings of Ernest Ansermet conducting L'Orchestre de la Suisse Romande, including, in , the first stereo LP album of the complete Nutcracker , as well as Ansermet's only stereo version of Manuel de Falla 's The Three-Cornered Hat , which the conductor had led at its first performance in John Culshaw , who joined Decca in in a junior post, rapidly became a senior producer of classical recordings.

He revolutionised recording — of opera, in particular. Hitherto, the practice had been to put microphones in front of the performers and simply record what they performed. Culshaw was determined to make recordings that would be 'a theatre of the mind', making the listener's experience at home not second best to being in the opera house, but a wholly different experience.

To that end he got the singers to move about in the studio as they would onstage, used discreet sound effects and different acoustics, and recorded in long continuous takes. His skill, coupled with Decca engineering, took Decca into the first flight of recording companies. His pioneering recording begun in of Wagner 's Der Ring des Nibelungen conducted by Georg Solti was a huge artistic and commercial success to the chagrin of other companies.

Solti recorded throughout his career for Decca, and made more than recordings , including 45 complete opera sets. Among the international honours given Solti and Decca for his recordings were 31 Grammy awards — more than any other recording artist, whether classical or popular. However, Culshaw was, strictly speaking, not the first to do this. A Consideration , termed "Broadway opera", and in , they released the most complete Porgy and Bess recorded up to that time.

Far from being a mere rendering of the score, the 3-LP album set used sound effects to realistically recreate the production as if the listener were watching a stage performance of the work. Until , American Decca issued British Decca classical music recordings. American Decca actively re-entered the classical music field in with distribution deals from Deutsche Grammophon and Parlophone. American Decca shut down its classical music department in Between and Decca championed new music through its Headline imprint.

For many years, Decca's British classical recordings had been issued in the US under the London Records label because the existence of the American Decca company precluded the use of that name on British recordings distributed in the US. Its back catalogue includes several landmark and critically acclaimed recordings, such as the Solti Ring , voted the greatest recording of all time by critics with the BBC Music Magazine , [12] and Luciano Pavarotti remained an exclusive Decca artist throughout his recording career.

Decca also bought out the Melotone and Edison Bell record companies. In late , a United States branch of Decca was launched. In establishing the American unit, the founders bought the former Brunswick Records pressing plants in New York City and Muskegon, Michigan , which were shut down in , from Warner Bros. The US label also brought back the discontinued Champion label from Gennett , as well as a short-lived version of the Broadway label.

Compo was acquired by Decca in although its Apex label continued in production for the next two decades. However, it was not a soundtrack album but a cover version featuring only Judy Garland from the film, with other roles taken by the Ken Darby Singers. He recorded another version of the song in for Decca; to this day, Crosby's recording of "White Christmas" for Decca remains the best-selling single worldwide of all time. The enormous success of this album was followed by original cast recordings of Carousel and Irving Berlin 's Annie Get Your Gun , both featuring members of the original casts of the shows and utilizing those shows' vocal and choral arrangements.

But Decca had made history by recording Broadway musicals , and the influence of these releases in the recording of theatrical shows in the U. Columbia Records followed with musical theatre albums, starting with the revival of Show Boat. By the s, many recording companies were releasing Broadway show albums recorded by their original casts, and the recording of original cast albums had become standard practice whenever a new show opened.

Produced by Milt Gabler , the recording was initially only moderately successful, but when it was used as the theme song for the film Blackboard Jungle , it became the first international rock and roll hit, and the first such recording to go to No. According to the Guinness Book of Records , it went on to sell 25 million copies, returning to the US and UK charts several times between and Since Decca had access to the stereophonic tracks of the Oscar-winning film, they quickly released a stereo version in Because American Decca bought Universal Pictures in , many of these soundtrack albums were of films released by what was then called Universal-International Pictures.

In a reversal of the usual situation, in which American Decca had released original Broadway cast albums of three Rodgers and Hammerstein shows, this was the only film soundtrack album of a Rodgers and Hammerstein show ever released by Decca, while the Broadway cast album had been released by Columbia Masterworks. British Decca had several missed opportunities.

Decca had earlier accepted London-born pioneer rock'n'roll singer Terry Dene , who was later known as the British Elvis Presley, and another Merseyside singer, Billy Fury. The turning down of the Beatles led indirectly to the signing of one of Decca's biggest s artists, the Rolling Stones. Dick Rowe was judging a talent contest with George Harrison , and Harrison mentioned to him that he should take a look at the Stones, whom he had just seen live for the first time a couple of weeks earlier.

Rowe saw the Stones, and quickly signed them to a contract. Staff producer Hugh Mendl — [20] worked for Decca for over 40 years and played a significant role in its success in the popular field from the s to the late s. His first major production credit was pianist Winifred Atwell. He produced Rock Island Line , the breakthrough skiffle hit for Lonnie Donegan , and he is credited as the first executive to spot the potential of singer-actor Tommy Steele.

What a Lovely War and even an LP record of the Le Mans hour race, inspired by his lifelong passion for motor-racing. Mendl was a driving force in the establishment of Decca's progressive Deram label, most notably as the executive producer of the Moody Blues ' groundbreaking LP Days of Future Passed. He is credited with battling against Decca's notorious parsimonious treatment of their artists, ensuring that the Moody Blues had the time and resources to develop beyond their beat group origins into progressive rock, and he also used profits for pop sales to cross-subsidise recordings by avant garde jazz artists like John Surman.

British Decca lost a key source for American records when Atlantic Records switched British distribution to Polydor Records in in order for Atlantic to gain access to British recording artists which they did not have under Decca distribution. Decca's deals with numerous other record labels began to fall apart: The Moody Blues were the only international rock act that remained on the label.

The company's fortunes declined slightly during the s, and it had few major commercial successes; among those were Dana's two-million selling single, " All Kinds of Everything ", issued on their subsidiary label Rex Records. Although Decca had set up the first of the British "progressive" labels, Deram, in , with such stars as Cat Stevens and the Moody Blues, by the time the punk era set in , Decca had pop success with such acts as John Miles , novelty creation Father Abraham and the Smurfs , and productions by longtime Decca associate Jonathan King.

King had a hit, " Everyone's Gone to the Moon ", on Decca while he was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, and Edward Lewis recruited him as his personal assistant and "talent spotter". British Decca released on LP, in , the most complete version of Man of La Mancha ever put on vinyl records, a 2-LP album featuring most of the dialogue and all of the songs, performed by the show's original London cast.

Fields , the Marx Brothers , and Mae West. The Fields and Marx Brothers albums were narrated by radio personality and cartoon voice actor Gary Owens. As part of a licensing agreement with 4 Star Records , Patsy Cline joined the Decca roster in after releasing three singles on Decca's Coral Records subsidiary, under the same agreement, beginning in While Cline's contract was held by 4 Star, the deal allowed Decca complete control of the recording sessions, including choice of Producer and musicians.

However, it also restricted the choice of material available for Cline to record to only songs published by 4 Star. This proved to be a stipulation which hampered her career for several years. Between and , Cline recorded one album and multiple singles under the agreement, but saw limited chart success and very little money. In , she signed directly with Decca. No longer bound by the restrictions of the 4 Star agreement, Cline went on to achieve tremendous success on both the Country and Pop charts.

She recorded two more albums, and released numerous singles, before her untimely death in a plane crash. A number of posthumous singles and albums appeared in the years following. The Wilburn Brothers signed to the label in , and were ultimately awarded a lifetime contract 20 years in Doyle Wilburn negotiated a recording contract for Loretta Lynn , who signed to Decca in and remained with the label for over 25 years.

She was the biggest selling female country artist of the s and 70s. With the decline in the genre's popularity and the contraction taking place in the industry during the late s, MCA Nashville closed the Decca subsidiary in early shortly after UMG's purchase of PolyGram. One album was released before the group departed. Full frequency range recording ffrr was a spin-off devised by Arthur Haddy [29] of British Decca's development, during the Second World War , of a high fidelity hydrophone capable of detecting and cataloguing individual German submarines by each one's signature engine noise, and enabled a greatly enhanced frequency range high and low notes to be captured on recordings.

While Decca's early ffrr releases on rpm discs had some noticeable surface noise, which diminished the effects of the high fidelity sound, the introduction of long-playing records in made better use of the new technology and set an industry standard that was quickly imitated by Decca's competitors. Nonetheless titles first issued on 78rpm remained in that form in the Decca catalogues into the early s.

The ffrr technique became internationally accepted and considered a standard. The Ernest Ansermet recording of Stravinsky 's Petrushka was key in the development of full frequency range records and alerting the listening public to high fidelity in The long-playing record was launched in the US in by Columbia Records not connected with the British company of the same name at the time.

It enabled recordings to play for up to half an hour without a break, compared with the 3 to 5 minutes playing time of the existing records. The new records were made of vinyl the old discs were made of brittle shellac , which enabled the ffrr recordings to be transferred to disc very realistically. In , in both the UK and the US, Decca took up the LP promptly and enthusiastically [2] giving the British arm an enormous advantage over EMI, which for some years tried to stick exclusively to the old format, thereby forfeiting competitive advantage to Decca, both artistically and financially.

British Decca recorded high fidelity versions of all the symphonies of Ralph Vaughan Williams except for the ninth, under the personal supervision of the composer, with Sir Adrian Boult and the London Philharmonic Orchestra. Benjamin Britten conducted recordings of many of his compositions for Decca, from the s to the s; most of these recordings have been reissued on CD.

The British Decca recording engineers Arthur Haddy, Roy Wallace and Kenneth Wilkinson developed in the famous Decca tree , a stereo microphone recording system for big orchestras. Decca started the first actual stereophonic recording 13—28 May , at Victoria Hall , Geneva , the first European record company to do so; only two months before, RCA Victor had begun the first actual stereophonic recording in the U.

The Decca stereo format was called in succession to ffrr "ffss", i.

In this case, it may be possible to date it by matrix n umb er. 7. The Compo Company was purchased by Decca records, whose product it pressed, so that the. Label Guide and Label Variations for Decca Records.

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Like many record labels, the history of the company is rather confusing -- for many years after World War II there were two separate companies operating internationally under the same name: In the s Decca created its own digital recording system and in the early s the company was actively involved in the development of the SACD and DVD-A recording formats.

Decca Records began as a British record label established in by Edward Lewis. The name "Decca" dates back to a portable gramophone called the "Decca Dulcephone" patented in by musical instrument makers Barnett Samuel and Sons.

Decca Records

Decca Records is a British record label established in by Edward Lewis. Its U. Decca labels was broken for several decades. Both wings are now part of the Universal Music Group , which is owned by Vivendi , a media conglomerate headquartered in Paris, France. Universal Music Group. The name "Decca" was coined by Wilfred S.

Use this BBCode to link to this label, in comments and forum posts: Support Us! Help Page: Share This Page. Do Something B: Walking With Susie. Decca UK. Emile Grimshaw's Quartet A: Happy-Go-Lucky B:

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